A touching and heartwarming, emotion filled video below about giving away what’s free to everyone…Kindness.
“Carry out a random act of kindness, with no expectation of reward, safe in the knowledge that one day someone might do the same for you”
– Princess Diana
Do humans have more than two dozen universal emotions?
A recent article on LiveScience highlighted research that concluded “a vast part of the human emotional repertoire is universal, and that emotional expressions go far deeper than the six basic ones previously described by researchers.”
Humintell Director, Psychologist Dr. Matsumoto says there is “no question in his mind” that there are a large number of emotions that are universal. He states that a small number (7) of them are universally expressed on the face, some others by face and body, or just body. Maybe some of these universal emotions are expressed by face and voice, or just voice.
However, Dr. Matsumoto suggests one major problem when conducting studies like these: researchers need to elicit emotions spontaneously and study the bodily reactions, not ask people or actors to pose what they think they look like.
Dr. Matsumoto has reviewed several papers related to this topic and says while the aims of the studies are admirable, several of these studies suffer from major methodological flaws that probably artificially produced the findings. Some of these flaws are outlined below and are important to keep in mind.
1) There are no validity data provided to suggest that the one sentence stories the authors concocted reliably elicit the target emotions in each of the cultures studied. Any serious publication will require more than just affirmation that cultural informants agreed on what emotion was elicited. Data are necessary to establish the reliability of the stories if there are to be definitive conclusions to be drawn.
2) Enactments of emotion may or may not be the same as the vocal cues that are produced when people actually feel and express the target emotions. Such enactments may be mimes that can achieve high levels of judgment agreement, but are not ecologically valid.
3) The types of expressions that were “randomly selected” as distractors along with the target expression does not provide an adequately stringent test of the hypotheses. If, for example, none of the expressions are “close enough” to the intended emotion in the story (whatever that is), then the intended expression may be chosen by a process of elimination.
Many people rely on their intuition rather than their knowledge when trying to discern truth. This may seem like the opposite of what should happen, but new research finds that there are ways we can be tricked into thinking that something feels familiar, trustworthy and true.
The Washington Post writes on why most people are so easily duped. It seems that instead of recruiting your general knowledge to answer a claim, you’ll turn to your intuition.
Cognitive psychologist, Eryn Newman, delved into the question of, How we come to believe that things are true when they are not? In her research at UC Irvine , Newman and colleagues used photos to look at the powerful effect images have on our memories, beliefs and evaluations of others. Past research has shown that photographs can aid in a person’s comprehension and make it easier to learn new information.
However, cognitive psychology research shows that photos can also be misleading. Photographs are a moment from a real event, so we often view them as evidence that an event actually took place. Sometimes with just the notion that a photo is a representation of a real event, we are tricked into believing a claim even when it is not actually substantiated by the photograph.
In a study by Elizabeth Loftus and others at UC Irvine, people who saw a doctored photo of President Obama shaking hands with the former Iranian president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad actually said they remembered the event happening — even though it was completely false. Photos can even trick us into remembering false events from our own childhood. People who saw a doctored childhood photo came to remember a false event (riding in a hot air balloon) with the same detail and emotion that you would expect from a real memory.
This feeling of familiarity could influence us in a variety of contexts. In the courtroom, an easy name might make a witness or expert seem more credible. In the workforce, an easy name might help an individual’s résumé float to the top of a stack. And in the news, a photo — even one that is only loosely related — might make a story seem more credible.
How can we avoid being taken in by a false sense of truthiness? Cognitive psychology research has shown that people are often unaware of their biases or how information influences their judgments. But simply being warned about the influence of names and photos might just make us a little more cautious — leading us to look for truth that comes from books, and not the gut.
To Learn more information on these topics and how the pronunciation of our words also influences are beliefs, Read the Entire Article.
Penn State researcher, professor and co-director of Media Effects Laboratory, S. Shyam Sundar, noted that emotional connections can cause individuals to purchase bigger smartphones even if that purchase is not practical.
So why is Bigger Better?
The trend in a bigger screen is better has been rising among entertainment devices in general over the past few years especially with TV’s and computer Screen Monitors.
“There are basically two different reasons that ‘bigger is better’ for screen size: utilitarian reasons and affective, or emotional, reasons. There are so many things on smartphones that we can use, but an even more powerful factor of the larger screen is its hedonic aspect — how attractive and pleasing it is to users,“ said Sundar. People may find bigger screens more emotionally satisfying because they are using smartphones for entertainment, as well as for communication purposes.
Positive effects in useability has been reported in previous studies regarding larger screen size in T.V.’s and computer monitor screens. Since the inception of the cell phone, users went from a very large and bulky “cellular” phone to super small ones. Now, research finds that as cell phones are used more often for entertainment and can multi-task, as they could not before, users want a bigger screen.
“We have not reached the point where the screen is too big yet, and I believe there may be some room for expansion of the screen size,“ said Sundar. “Finding the ideal size is something that I’m sure industry engineers and designers are working to find.“
The question is, what size is the biggest size society will accept. At some point phone makers will have to stop increasing the size as it will make the mobile phones inconvenient to carry such as the earliest cellular phones.
Sundar and Ki Joon Kim, adjunct professor at Sungkyunkwan University in Korea, reported these findings in the online version of the journal Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.